A war-crimes tribunal said on Wednesday that it had indicted President Hashim Thaci of Kosovo and nine others for their actions during the country’s conflict with Serbia in the 1990s, accusing them of being “criminally responsible for nearly 100 murders.”
The special prosecutor’s office looking into the conflict announced the indictment against Mr. Thaci and the others on “a range of crimes against humanity and war crimes, including murder, enforced disappearances of persons, persecution and torture.”
Mr. Thaci is scheduled to visit the White House on Saturday along with President Aleksandar Vucic, a meeting that the United States hopes could lead to peace talks later in the year.
The charges by the Kosovo Specialist Chambers center on the actions of ethnic Serbs during Kosovo’s 1998-99 war of independence with Serbia, accusing them of hundreds of crimes committed against Kosovo Albanians, Serbs, Roma and other ethnicities.
Mr. Thaci led Kosovo’s bloody guerrilla war as commander of the Kosovo Liberation Army. Western diplomats say he ordered arrests, assassinations and purges within the rebel army’s ranks to fend off potential rivals, accusations that Mr. Thaci has strongly denied.
Formerly part of Serbia, Kosovo won autonomy after a NATO bombing campaign in 1999 that aimed to protect its largely Muslim population from ethnic cleansing. The war left nearly 10,000 people dead. Serbia still does not recognize Kosovo’s independence.